The Society was founded in 1977 with the objective of promoting the study of heraldry and encouraging its correct use in Scotland.
The Society meets several times during the year for lectures or visits to places of historic and heraldic interest, both in Scotland and in other countries. Contact is maintained with other societies, here in the United Kingdom and overseas, with similar interests.
The principal meeting, held in early December, is the St Andrew Lecture which is usually noteworthy for its contribution to heraldic scholarship and, together with the St. Andrew Dinner, is one of the most popular gatherings.
Lectures and other articles of armorial interest are published in the Society's annual journal, The Double Tressure, which is distributed free to members along with a lighter occasional newsletter Tak Tent. In addition to these publications, the Society regularly produces other illustrated booklets on heraldic and related matters.
It is not at all necessary to possess a coat of arms to join the Society but many members are either armigerous or intend to petition for a Grant or Matriculation of Arms. Of all ages and scattered around the world, the members are interested in all aspects of armoury, some being actively and professionally engaged in heraldic arts and crafts and in academic research.
Dr. G. Carruthers's Arms
The Acquisition of Scottish Arms through the Court of the Lord Lyon King of Arms. Those who wish to use arms in any personal sense must petition for a Grant of Arms or if they can trace their ancestry back to a direct or, in some cases collateral, ancestor - a "cadet matriculation" showing their place within the family. When a grant, or matriculation, of arms is successfully obtained, an illuminated parchment, narrating the pedigree as proved, is supplied to the Petitioner, and a duplicate is recorded in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland and/or the Public Register of Genealogies and Birthbrieves. Application for such a Confirmation, by Letters Patent or Matriculation, from the Lord Lyon King of Arms is the only way to obtain a genuine coat of arms.
British Commonwealth - Anyone domiciled in Her Majesty's realms overseas or in the Commonwealth (except those of English, Welsh or Irish ancestry who should approach Garter King of Arms in London or the Chief Herald of Ireland in Dublin or Canadians who should approach the Chief Herald of Canada in Ottawa) can apply to the Lord Lyon King of Arms of Scotland for grant or matriculation of arms.
Foreign Countries - Arms are not granted to non-British citizens (though those of Scottish ancestry can apply to the Lord Lyon King of Arms for cadet-matriculations, as above described) Moreover even if not of direct armigerous descent, foreigners of Scottish descent can often arrange for a cousin in Scotland, or in one of Her Majesty's overseas realms get arms established by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, and thereafter themselves to obtain a cadet matriculation. Each party is in such cases is supplied with an illuminated parchment.
Lord Lyon King of Arms - Dr Joseph J. Morrow
Applying for Arms - Introduction
On behalf of the Sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II, the Lord Lyon King of Arms exercises the Royal Prerogative committed to him by the Acts of 1672 cap. 47 and 1867 30 & 31 Vict. cap. 17, to grant Arms to .virtuous and well deserving persons". The Court of the Lord Lyon is a court of law, and applications for Arms are made by a formal "Petition". This is done on the initiative of the person wishing to obtain Arms, who submits a Petition to the Lord Lyon stating who he is and asking for Arms to be granted to him.
The process is not complicated, and there are four main varieties of Petition:
Petition for a new Grant of Arms
Petition for a Grant of Arms to an Ancestor
Petition for a Matriculation of Arms
Petition for a Grant of Arms to a Company
Advice on any special difficulties or any matters not covered can be obtained by writing to: The Lyon Clerk at the Court of the Lord Lyon, H.M. New Register House, Edinburgh, EH1 3YT, and to whom all completed Petitions should be sent. All such correspondence is 'CONFIDENTIAL.
Once Arms have been granted and recorded in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland, they are protected under the law of Scotland. Any infringement of a person's armorial rights in Scotland may be drawn to the attention of the Procurator Fiscal to the Court of the Lord Lyon, who may mount any necessary prosecution of the offender.
In return for this permanent legal protection and for the maintenance of the permanent registration of Arms in the Court of the Lord Lyon, Fees are charged to the Petitioner. These fees are made up of the dues to H.M. Treasury, Herald Painter's fees and costs of materials in preparing the Petitioner's Letters Patent. This is his title deed to his Arms, written in a formal script on vellum, illustrating his Arms in full colour, and sealed with the Seal of the Lord Lyon King of Arms. The fees are fixed by Statute, and rise from time to time.
All statements made in Petitions must be accompanied by legal proof, usually Certificates of Birth and Marriage for statements of parentage and ancestry. It is the Petitioner's responsibility to provide this proof. Neither the Lord Lyon nor the Lyon Clerk may take any part in providing the proof. Petitioners may employ their own genealogists to provide the proof. They may employ any of them directly, at their own responsibility, or with the assistance of an Officer of Arms.
Petitioners requiring assistance in preparing the Petition may write to the Lyon Clerk at the Court of the Lord Lyon stating their requirements and objectives. If an Officer of Arms is engaged he will provide an advance estimate of his fees for his professional assistance. If required by the Petitioner he will take charge of any genealogical research needed, employing the researchers and supervising their work on behalf of the Petitioner, and will periodically report on its progress as the Petitioner may require.