Scotland, with Dumfrisshire, birthplace of Carruthers,
Carruthers are an ancient Clan of the western aspect of the Anglo-Scottish borders.
Scotland: Scottish Gaelic-Alba, is a country that was independent until the Unification of the Crowns. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots also became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political Union with England on 1 May 1707. This created the new Kingdom of Great Britain.
It shares a border with England to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, The Irish Sea and the North Channel. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the northern Isles and the Hebrides.
Dumfriesshire, birth-place of Clan Carruthers, lies in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by the counties of Lanark, Peebles, and Selkirk, on the east by Roxburghshire and part of the English county of Cumberland, on the south by the Solway Firth and on the west, by the county of Ayr and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright.
An old map showing the areas that the Border Reiver Clans/Families lived
Map showing the Marches of the Anglo-Scottish border.
Carruthers descend from an ancient Briton tribe from the region of the old kingdom of Strathclyde. They were Border Reivers (Riding Family, Graynes) and were part of what was considered as the finest light Cavalry in Europe at the time. As well as being Reivers, which was a way of life in the borders at that time, they were land owners and minor nobility who also were advisors to the Crown and therefore also highly respected.
Our Chief of the Line at the time, John Carruthers, 5th of Holmains, was summoned in 1567 with other ‘Border Lairds’ to advise the regent on ‘establissing of universall justice and quietness within the boundsis of the West Marche’ (Reg,. Priv. Conc., Vol 1 pg 570). Interestingly his son John was killed at the disaster that was the Battle of Solway Moss.
These are not the only Carruthers who played their part in Scottish History, here are a few of that time period: *John Carruthers, younger brother to Thomas 1st of Mouswald was Chancellor of Annandale d.1349
*Sir Nigel Carruthers, Chamberlain to the Scottish King in the middle 1300's, youngest brother to Thomas 1st of Mouswald, was killed at the Battle of Durham d. 1346.
*John Carruthers, 6th of Mouswald, original ancestor of Holmains, was Captain of Lochmaben Castle d. 1454.
* Symon Carruthers, Brother to Andrew, 5th of Mouswald, was Commirrioner of the West Msrch d. 1429
* Archibald, 7th of Mouswald's brother Sir Simon Carruthers was Warden of the West March and was killed at the Battle of Paisley in 1484
Parishes of Dumfrieshire
The Carruthers listed lands were situated in the West March of Scotland which included Dumfriesshire and covered the ancient areas of: Mouswald, Holmains, Wormanbie, Dormont, Rammerscales, Denbie, Portrack, Isle, Dyke, Butterquhat, Nether Denbie, Over Denbie, Braes, Woodhead, Woodfoot, Milne, Nutholm, Guileburn, Hardriggs, Brydegill, Alison Bank, Langholm, Kinnell Hall, Macmaw, Breconsyde, Breckonhill, Broomhills, Barrow. Amongst others, Carruthers lands included whole areas as well as parcels of land in: 1)Annan, 6) Cummertrees, 7) Dalton, 8) Dornock, 9) Dryfesdale, 18) Hoddam , 28) Langholm, 29, Lochmaben 30) Middlebie, 31) Moffat, 33) Mouswald, 42) Wamphray. (Records of the Carruthers Family, Carruthers & Reid)